Risk Factors of Mortality In Probable Covid-19 Cases In RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang


  • Yui Prashandika Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Setyo Gundi Pramudo Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Sigid Kirana Lintang Bhima Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Tuntas Dhanardhono Departemen of Forensic and Medicolegal Studies, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia, Indonesia




Mortality, probable COVID-19, Risk factors


BACKGROUND: On February 19th, 2021, City of Semarang recorded 164 death cases of probable COVID-19. A study of patients who died from COVID-19 found that the death cases occured mostly in patients with comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, renal disease, chronic lung disease, and malignancy. The definitions of probable COVID-19 by WHO is a suspected case with radiological features leading to COVID-19 infection.

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to prove pneumoniae, chronic lung disease, heart disease, hypertension, DM, renal disease, and malignancy as risk factors of mortality in probable COVID-19 patients.

METHOD: This study used analytic observational design with  cross-sectional study approach. Consecutive sampling technique was used with minimum sample of 57 probable COVID-19 medical records. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS program with univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis.

RESULT:  The majority of probable COVID-19 patients died with a number of 65 subjects (91,5%), while the probable COVID-19 patients that survived are only 6 subjects (8,5%). Risk factors like pneumoniae (p=0,151; PR=0,9; 95%CI[0,78-1,03]), chronic lung disease (p=0,764; PR=1,09; 95%CI[1,02-1,18]), heart disease (p=0,591; PR=1,03; 95%CI[0,88-1.20]), hypertension (p=0,254; PR=1,08; 95%CI[0,95-1,23]), DM (p=0,361 PR=1,06; 95%CI[0,93-1,21]), renal disease (p=0,523; PR=1,10; 95%CI[1,02-1,19]), and malignancy (p=0,523; PR=1,10; 95%CI[1,02-1,19]) have not been proven to be risk factors for death in patients probable of COVID-19 at dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang.

CONCLUSION: Pneumoniae, chronic lung disease, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, and malignancy have not been proven to be risk factors for death in patients probable of COVID-19 at dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang.


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Prashandika Y, Pramudo SG, Lintang Bhima SK, Dhanardhono T. Risk Factors of Mortality In Probable Covid-19 Cases In RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang. Medica Hospitalia J. Clin. Med. [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 29 [cited 2024 May 26];10(3):364-9. Available from: http://medicahospitalia.rskariadi.co.id/medicahospitalia/index.php/mh/article/view/957



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