Kondisi Psikologis Perawat yang Memberikan Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien COVID-19: Tinjauan Narasi

Authors

  • Teguh Santoso Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Dwi Agustiana Sari Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Junait Junait Komite Keperawatan RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang, Indonesia
  • Anna Jumatul Laely Komite Keperawatan RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36408/mhjcm.v7i1A.461

Keywords:

Asuhan keperawatan, COVID-19, Efek psikologi, Perawat

Abstract

LATAR BELAKANG: Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) menjadi wabah dunia yang menimbulkan beban psikologis bagi masyarakat dan tenaga kesehatan yang memberikan perawatan pada pasien dengan COVID -19. Perawat merupakan salah satu tenaga kesehatan yang menjadi garda terdepan pemberian asuhan keperawatan pada pasien.    

TUJUAN: Mendeskripsikan kondisi psikologis perawat yang memberikan asuhan keperawatan pada pasien dengan COVID-19.

METODE: Penelitian ini merupakan narrative review. Sebelas artikel dipilih dari Google Scholar, PubMed, EBSCO, dan ProQuest yang telah di-peer-reviewed dan dipublikasikan, full-text, serta dalam bahasa Inggris mulai dari tanggal 1 Januari 2020 sampai 31 Mei 2020. Istilah pencarian yang digunakan dalam pencarian artikel yakni COVID-19, nursing care, nurse, dan psychological effect.

HASIL: Sebelas artikel yang telah ditinjau menyebutkan bahwa kondisi psikologis perawat yang memberikan asuhan keperawatan pada pasien COVID-19 meliputi kecemasan, rasa takut, depresi, kelelahan, sulit tidur atau insomnia, gangguan mental lain, somatisasi, mudah marah, obsesif-konvulsif, penurunan nafsu makan, merasa tidak nyaman, tidak berdaya, menangis, dan bahkan terlintas untuk bunuh diri.

SIMPULAN: Memberikan perawatan kepada pasien dengan COVID-19 dapat menimbulkan gangguan psikologi pada perawat.

Kata Kunci:  Asuhan keperawatan, COVID-19, Efek psikologi, Perawat

 

Psychological Condition of Nurses who Provided Nursing Care in Patient with COVID-19: A Narrative review

 ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND : Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) became epidemic and caused psychological disorder for the community and health workers who provided care for patients with COVID-19. Nurses are one of the frontline workers who provide nursing care to the patients.

OBJECTIVE: To describe psychological condition of nurses who provided nursing care for patients with COVID-19.

METHOD : This article was a narrative review. Eleven articles were selected from Google Scholar, PubMed, EBSCO, and ProQuest which have been peer-reviewed and published, full text in English, started from 1st January 2020 to 31th May 2020. The search terms were COVID-19, nursing care, nurse, and psychological effects.

RESULT : The eleven reviewed articles showed that psychological condition of nurses who provided nursing care in patients with VOVID-19 included anxiety, fear, depression, fatigue, insomnia, other mental disorders, somatization, irritable, obsessive-convulsive, loss of appetite,  uncomfortable feeling, helplessness, crying, and even suicidal thought.

CONCLUSION : Providing care in patients with COVID-19 may cause psychological disturbances for nurses.

Keywords: Nursing care, COVID-19, psychological effect, nurse

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Additional Files

Published

2020-08-28

How to Cite

1.
Santoso T, Sari DA, Junait J, Laely AJ. Kondisi Psikologis Perawat yang Memberikan Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien COVID-19: Tinjauan Narasi. Medica Hospitalia J. Clin. Med. [Internet]. 2020 Aug. 28 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];7(1A):253-60. Available from: http://medicahospitalia.rskariadi.co.id/medicahospitalia/index.php/mh/article/view/461

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