Literatur Review: Dampak Gangguan Kesehatan Mental pada Petugas Kesehatan Selama Pandemi Coronavirus Disease 2019

Authors

  • Bela Novita Amaris Susanto Jurusan Keperawatan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Yatsi Tangerang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36408/mhjcm.v7i1A.462

Keywords:

COVID-19, pandemi, petugas kesehatan, gangguan kesehatan mental

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Pandemi Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) merupakan masalah kesehatan yang menyerang masyarakat secara global. Virus 19-nCoV telah menyebabkan kematian lebih dari 500.000 dan lebih dari 120.000.000 kasus positif. Wabah COVID-19 dikaitkan dengan dampak gangguan kesehatan mental terutama pada petugas kesehatan yang bertugas sebagai garda depan. Review ini bertujuan untuk membahas sosio-demografi, gangguan kesehatan mental, hubungan kesehatan mental dengan COVID-19, serta mekanisme koping dan kebutuhan perawatan kesehatan mental pada petugas kesehatan selama pandemi COVID-19.

Rancangan: Pencarian artikel dilakukan database berikut PubMed, Science Direct, Medline, Google Scholar dan Crossref selama bulai April-Juni 2020. Sebanyak 65 artikel dipilih pada penyaringan awal dan 15 artikel dibahas sebagai ulasan akhir.

Hasil: Variabel sosio-demografi antara lain usia, jenis kelamin, jenis profesi, jenjang karier dan tempat bekerja. Gangguan kesehatan mental seperti kecemasan, depresi, stres, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), insomnia, somatisasi, gejala obesif-kompulsif, efikasi diri, sensitivitas interpersonal, photic anxiety dan lekas marah disebakan karena kurang dukungan sosial, kurang informasi tentang COVID-19, pelatihan penggunaan dan kurangnya alat pelindung diri (APD), langkah mengendalikan infeksi, bekerja di ruang isolasi, khawatir akan terinfeksi dan menularkan ke keluarga, perasaan frusasi ketidak puasan pada pekerjaan, perasaan kesepian terisolasi, kontak langsung dengan pasien positif COVID-19, pasien menyembunyikan riwayat medis dan peningkatan rasio kerja.

Kesimpulan:  Penting untuk memperhatikan kesehatan mental petugas kesehatan selama pandemi COVID-19, diperlukan sumber daya, perencanaan dan tindakan yang serius untuk mengatasi masalah ini.

Kata Kunci: COVID-19, pandemi, petugas kesehatan, gangguan kesehatan mental

 

Literature Review: Adverse effect of Mental Health Disorders on Healthcare Workers

During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a health problem that attacks people globally. The disease caused by 19-nCOV has caused more than 500,000 deaths and more than 120,000,000 positive cases. The COVID-19 outbreak was related to the adverse effect of mental health disorders, especially on healthcare workers who serve as the frontline. This review aims to discuss socio-demographics, mental health disorders, the relationship of mental health with COVID-19, as well as coping mechanisms and the need for mental health care for healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design: The article search was conducted with the following PubMed, Science Direct, Medline, Google Scholar, and Crossref from April to June 2020. A total of 65 articles were selected at initial screening and 15 articles were discussed as a final review.

Results: Socio-demographic variables include age, sex, type of profession, career path, and place of work. Mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, stress, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), insomnia, somatization, obesity-compulsive symptoms, self-efficacy, interpersonal sensitivity, photic anxiety, and irritability are caused by lack of social support, lack of information about COVID- 19, training on the use and lack of PPE, measures to control infection, work in isolation, worry about being infected and spread to the family, feelings of frustration at work dissatisfaction, feelings of loneliness isolated, direct contact with positive patients with COVID-19, patients conceal medical history and increase work ratio.

Conclusion: It is important to pay attention to the mental health of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, resources, planning, and serious actions that are needed to overcome this problem.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, healthcare workers, mental health disorders

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Additional Files

Published

2020-08-28

How to Cite

1.
Susanto BNA. Literatur Review: Dampak Gangguan Kesehatan Mental pada Petugas Kesehatan Selama Pandemi Coronavirus Disease 2019. Medica Hospitalia J. Clin. Med. [Internet]. 2020 Aug. 28 [cited 2024 Apr. 17];7(1A):261-70. Available from: http://medicahospitalia.rskariadi.co.id/medicahospitalia/index.php/mh/article/view/462

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