The The Effects of Zumba Exercise on LDL Levels and Oxidative Stress of Young Adult Women

  • Alda Aulia Rahma Ananto Putri Departemen Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Yuswo Supatmo Bagian Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Erna Setiawati Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Fisik dan Rehabilitasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Endang Ambarwati Bagian Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
Keywords: low density lipoprotein, malondialdehyde, Zumba exercise



Background: Sedentary lifestyle which refers to physical inactivity is one of the risk factors for non-communicable diseases, one of which is dyslipidemia. Zumba, as a form of aerobic exercise, is in great demand by young adults recently. This exercise has effects on reducing LDL levels and oxidative stress measured by malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as the biomarker. Objectives: To examine the effect of Zumba exercise on LDL and MDA levels in young adult women. Methods: This experimental study used two groups pre and post test design. Research subjects were 36 women, divided into intervention group (n=18) and control group (n=18). Zumba exercise was done by intervention group 2 times a week (60 minutes per session) for 8 weeks virtually. LDL and MDA levels were measured using blood samples of research subjects. Result data was analysed using T-paired test, Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney test.

Results: There is no decrease in LDL levels from intervention group after 8 weeks of Zumba exercise. However, there is significant decrease in MDA levels. LDL levels increased from 94,18±25,60 mg/dL to 105,82±27,64 mg/dL (p<0,05) and MDA levels decreased from ,71±0,28 µmol/L to 0,37±0,64 µmol/L (p<0,05). There is no meaningful difference in LDL levels between intervention and control group. Nonetheless, there is meaningful difference in MDA levels among both groups. Conclusion: Zumba exercise 2 times a week for 8 weeks virtually can not reduce LDL levels but can significantly reduce MDA levels.

Keywords: low density lipoprotein, malondialdehyde, Zumba exercise


Download data is not yet available.


Mandriyarini R, Sulchan M, Nissa C. Sedentary lifestyle sebagai risiko kejadian obesitas pada remaja SMA stunted di Kota Semarang. J Nutr Coll. 2017;6(2):149.

Kim SY. Sedentary lifestyle and cardiovascular health. Korean J Fam Med. 2018;39(1):1.

Sheikholeslami S, Ghanbarian A, Azizi F. The impact of physical activity on non-communicable diseases: Findings from 20 years of the Tehran lipid and glucose study. Int J Endocrinol Metab. 2018;16.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan. Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Kementrian Kesehat Republik Indones [Internet]. 2018;1–100. Available from:

Humas Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. Upaya Perbaikan Praktik Diet pada Wanita Usia Subur dengan Dislipidemia di Minangkabau, Peneliti FKUI Susun Panduan Gizi Seimbang Berbasis Pangan Lokal [Internet]. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. 2020. [Updated 2020 Jan 20; cited 2020 Apr 24]. Available from:

Sharma R, Suri M. The Physiological Responses of Zumba?: An Overview Understanding. Indian J Phys Edeucation, Sport Appl Sci. 2017;7(4):23–31.

Albarrati AM, Alghamdi MSM, Nazer RI, Alkorashy MM, Alshowier N, Gale N. Effectiveness of Low to Moderate Physical Exercise Training on the Level of Low-Density Lipoproteins?: A Systematic Review. Biomed Res Int. 2018;16.

Pingitore A, Lima GPP, Mastorci F, Quinones A, Iervasi G, Vassalle C. Exercise and Oxidative Stress: Potential Effects of Antioxidant Dietary Strategies in Sports. Nutrition [Internet]. 2015; Available from:

Pizzino G, Irrera N, Cucinotta M, Pallio G, Mannino F, Arcoraci V, et al. Review Article Oxidative Stress?: Harms and Benefits for Human Health. 2017;13.

Golbidi S, Laher I. Exercise and the Cardiovascular System. Cardiol Res Pract. 2012;2012:15.

Kil H, Eom S, Park J, Kawamoto T, Kim Y, Kim H. A Rapid Method for Estimating the Levels of Urinary Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances for Environmental Epidemiologic Survey. 2014;30(1):7–11.

Wang Y, Xu D. Effects of aerobic exercise on lipids and lipoproteins. Lipids Health Dis. 2017;16(1):1–8.

Sittiwicheanwong R, Ariyapitipun T, Gulsatitporn S, Nopponpunth V, Abeywardena M, Dahlan W. Alterations of atherogenic low-density lipoproteins and serum fatty acids after 12 week moderate exercise training in sedentary Thai women. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(4):602–8.

Varady KA, St-Pierre AC, Lamarche B, Jones PJH. Effect of plant sterols and endurance training on LDL particle size and distribution in previously sedentary hypercholesterolemic adults. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Apr;59(4):518–25.

Anam SC, Purwanto B. Acute Response Moderate Intensity Treadmill Training On Decrease Malondialdehyde in Obesity Women. 2020;9(2):358–67.

Arslan M, Ipekci SH, Kebapcilar L, Dede ND, Kurban S, Erbay E, et al. Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training on MDA and TNF-? Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int Sch Res Not. 2014;2014:5.

Poljsak B. Strategies for reducing or preventing the generation of oxidative stress. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2011;15.

Kawamura T, Muraoka I. Exercise-induced oxidative stress and the effects of antioxidant intake from a physiological viewpoint. Antioxidants. 2018;7(9).

Original Article